What Technologies Make Cities Become Smart?
With the arrival of new technologies such as 5G, the Internet of Things (IoT), Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Big Data, several countries around the world are putting new services in place for the management of cities and their inhabitants. Smarts Cities are thus being born everywhere and the urban landscape will completely transform in the years to come.
Opportunities for large cities
The population is more urban than ever and continues to grow in large cities. This leads municipalities to look for solutions to improve the quality of urban services and provide more well-being for residents. The transition to the Smart City is therefore at the heart of concerns.
Becoming Smart City means evolving towards using information and communication technologies to strengthen the services dedicated to individuals and businesses. The incorporation of digital in the building sector is a real challenge for cities. If the implementation is slow enough, the stakes are important for the economic and territorial development of the metropolis and the development of the citizens . Indeed, the technological and energy dimensions are essential because they increase the attractiveness potential of a city thus favoring the success of a smart city.
Singapore, the pioneer
With its Smart Nation project, Singapore is currently the most successful city in terms of integrating new technologies such as smart security cameras to reduce traffic jams according to the volume of motorists and taxis, surveillance for the elderly through motion detectors to avoid accidents. In addition to autonomous taxis, the city-state wishes to set up air taxis, of the “Volocopter” type. These innovative projects are easily and quickly implemented with its centralized governance system.
Estonia on the road to digital
Estonia goes even further in digitalization with the e-Estonia platform, where 99% of the services are available online. The country’s ambition is to overcome the bureaucracy by implementing cross-border digital governance and a real-time economy. The imminent introduction of Artificial Intelligence into the public service should soon allow the last non-digital services such as marriage, divorce and the sale of real estate to be. For Tallinn, the capital, the idea of Smart City is above all to offer its citizens cutting-edge technology and to make them willing to use it.
The smart city is IoT, 5G and Big data
The Internet of Things plays an important role in the development of smart cities because it allows, for example, to monitor air pollution and detect changes in real time and thus act directly. 5G being the necessary link between all these devices, its implementation is therefore crucial. And finally, the analysis of the data collected, the famous Big Data, opens the way to the implementation of real-time solutions and to interact directly with citizens.