What Jobs will be Threatened by Artificial Intelligence?
Artificial Intelligence (AI) brings together technologies and techniques that aim to mimic human behavior and the logical functioning of one’s thought and brain. Still small in 2015 with a market of two hundred million dollars, it is expected that it is close to ninety billion dollars by 2025 globally. Ultimately, this technology should be found in all aspects of our daily lives, both in our private and professional lives.
As far as the labor market is concerned, more or less significant changes – depending on the different studies – are to be expected in the coming years.
How Artificial Intelligence profoundly transforms the digital professions
To understand these transformations, we must look at the intrinsic functioning of Artificial Intelligence and the digital sector.
The latter is governed by an internal operation, based on binary representations. In other words, the sequences of 0 and 1 are the very essence of the operation of digital technologies. Artificial Intelligence is a technique created on the same binary principle, but to which one has added the reflection and the ability to make choices using raw data, which is normally peculiar to the human being.
It is fundamental to understand that Artificial Intelligence is then found as a fish in water in any digital system, since these two entities have the same internal functioning.
All the trades of the computer, but also the digital in general, began to be deeply modified by these new techniques. The way in which the electronic devices we use on a daily basis function will thus be completely modified. We can cite, for example, computers, smartphones or even video game consoles.
The set of connected objects that have emerged recently will also, in the short term, be equipped with an Artificial Intelligence. We then think of watches or connected clocks that will be managed remotely by an Artificial Intelligence with a form of intellectual autonomy and decision-making in a short time.
Voice assistants are also Artificial Intelligences that remotely control all connected and electronic objects in your home. They appeared four years ago in the United States. On a simple voice request from you, he can manage the opening and closing of the shutters of the house, the lighting of the lights, the interior temperature, etc.
In order for all these objects and gestures of daily life to be managed by AI, they must be digital, that is to say, be designed in binary code. AI, consisting of the same two numbers, has an extraordinary processing speed of information and can handle a multitude of topics and problems simultaneously. It also has the ability to immediately find out what is unusual in a process, and decide to resolve it in the most appropriate way.
Digital professionals therefore tend to become ultra-versatile. Focused mainly on computer objects five years ago, computer technicians or programmers are now focusing on market research and want to know more about the habits of people in any country.
The professions concerned by technological developments related to Artificial Intelligence
According to the studies carried out in the last two years, Artificial Intelligence should be integrated into nearly 40% to 70% of trades by 2025. In other words, almost all of our businesses will be transformed. Some industry experts even speak of the “new Industrial Revolution”.
This development of Artificial Intelligence goes through the robotization and digital automation of most industrial trades. A large part of the posts in the line works have already disappeared with the implementation, little by little, of robots managed by Artificial Intelligence. These robots can manage several industrial chain jobs simultaneously, do not rest and do not need to restore. This results in lower production costs and increased production. Some experts fear a scarcity of low-skilled jobs in all countries of the world.
For a long time confined to repetitive gestures as one can find in the industry, Artificial Intelligence will find itself in a few years in any position requiring a certain logic of reflection and functioning. For example, the trade of trader, with its probability calculations and its ubiquitous figures, is likely to evolve with the arrival on the market of robots specialized in the management and optimization of digital models. The business of finance, in general, will also be upset by Artificial Intelligence. The professions of the banking sector will therefore soon know unprecedented changes.
The notarial and judicial sector may also have to adapt in the coming years. Artificial Intelligence has the ability to record all the laws of one or more countries. It is then very easy for him to think about a given problem by studying each law and to remove the most appropriate solution.
The health professions are also brought to adapt. Some robots are already able to memorize the way a human body is constituted, to look at a radio and to perceive the patient’s problem in record time and with a precision impossible for a human being.
The trades that are likely to change or have to adapt in the years to come are therefore perhaps those that appeal to the meaning of deduction, which include repeated gestures or that have a numerical or administrative logic.
The jobs that should be the least affected by this “revolution” are those that require constant adaptation to sudden and unplanned changes. Those who, for example, need to analyze the environment and its permanent changes to learn independently and thus adapt its behavior steadily.